Preface

### I The General Problem of Heat Exchange

#### 1 Introduction

1.1 Heat transfer

1.2 Relation of heat transfer to thermodynamics

1.3 Modes of heat transfer

1.4 A look ahead

1.5 About the end-of-chapter problems

Problems

References

#### 2 Heat conduction concepts, thermal resistance, and the overall heat transfer coefficient

2.1 The heat conduction equation

2.2 Steady heat conduction in a slab: method

2.3 Thermal resistance and the electrical analogy

2.4 Overall heat transfer coefficient, *U*

2.5 Summary

Problems

References

#### 3 Heat exchanger design

3.1 Function and configuration of heat exchangers

3.2 Evaluation of the mean temperature difference in a heat exchanger

3.3 Heat exchanger effectiveness

3.4 Heat exchanger design

Problems

References

### II Analysis of Heat Conduction

#### 4 Conduction analysis, dimensional analysis, and fin design

4.1 The well-posed problem

4.2 General solution of the heat conduction equation

4.3 Dimensional analysis

4.4 Illustrative use of dimensional analysis in a complex steady conduction problem

4.5 Fin design

Problems

References

#### 5 Transient and multidimensional heat conduction

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Lumped-capacity solutions

5.3 Transient conduction in a one-dimensional slab

5.4 Temperature-response charts

5.5 One-term solutions

5.6 Transient heat conduction to a semi-infinite region

5.7 Steady multidimensional heat conduction

5.8 Transient multidimensional heat conduction

Problems

References

### III Convective Heat Transfer

#### 6 Laminar and turbulent boundary layers

6.1 Some introductory ideas

6.2 Laminar incompressible boundary layer on a flat surface

6.3 The energy equation

6.4 The Prandtl number and the boundary layer thicknesses

6.5 Heat transfer coefficient for laminar, incompressible flow over a flat surface

6.6 The Reynolds-Colburn analogy

6.7 Turbulent boundary layers

6.8 Heat transfer in turbulent boundary layers

6.9 Turbulent transition and overall heat transfer

Problems

References

#### 7 Forced convection in a variety of configurations

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Heat transfer to or from laminar flows in pipes

7.3 Turbulent pipe flow

7.4 Heat transfer surface viewed as a heat exchanger

7.5 Heat transfer coefficients for noncircular ducts

7.6 Heat transfer during cross flow over cylinders

7.7 Finding and assessing correlations for other configurations

Problems

References

#### 8 Natural convection in single-phase fluids and during film condensation

8.1 Scope

8.2 The nature of film condensation and of natural convection

8.3 Laminar natural convection on a vertical isothermal surface

8.4 Natural convection in other situations

8.5 Film condensation

Problems

References

#### 9 Heat transfer in boiling and other phase-change configurations

9.1 Nukiyama’s experiment and the pool boiling curve

9.2 Nucleate boiling

9.3 Peak pool boiling heat flux

9.4 Film boiling

9.5 Minimum heat flux

9.6 Transition boiling

9.7 Other system influences

9.8 Forced convection boiling in tubes

9.9 Forced convective condensation heat transfer

9.10 Dropwise condensation

9.11 The heat pipe

Problems

References

### IV Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer

#### 10 Radiative heat transfer

10.1 The problem of radiative exchange

10.2 Kirchhoff’s law

10.3 Radiant heat exchange between two finite black bodies

10.4 Heat transfer among gray bodies

10.5 Gaseous radiation

10.6 Solar energy

Problems

References

### V Mass Transfer

#### 11 An introduction to mass transfer

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Mixture compositions and species fluxes

11.3 Fick’s law of diffusion in binary mixtures

11.4 The equation of species conservation

11.5 Mass transfer through a stationary medium

11.6 Convective mass transfer at low rates

11.7 Simultaneous heat and mass transfer at low rates

11.8 The Couette flow, or stagnant film, model

11.9 Heat transfer at high mass transfer rates

11.10 Transport properties of mixtures

11.11 Diffusion in multicomponent and nonideal mixtures

Problems

References

### VI Appendices

**A. Some thermophysical properties of selected materials**

**B. Units and conversion factors**

**C. Nomenclature**

### VII Indices

**Citation Index**

**Subject Index**